ESL/EFL Abbreviations Explained

222You might be a bit confused by the all the abbreviations you see connected with English learning. To start off with here are the most common abbreviations:

ELT – English Language Teaching
ESL – English as a Second Language
EFL – English as a Foreign Language

The main difference between these are that ESL is English taught to foreign language speakers living in an English speaking country like The United States, Canada, England, Australia, etc. English as a foreign language, on the other hand, is taught to those wishing to learn English for their study/work/hobby needs but who live in countries where English is not the first language.

Here are some more important abbreviations related to learning English:

CBT – Computer-Based Teaching

CELTA – Certificate in English language teaching to adults (Cambridge/RSA Teaching Certificate also known as C-TEFLA)

DELTA – Diploma in English language teaching (Cambridge/RSA Language Teaching Scheme)

ESOL – English for Speakers of Other Languages

GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test. The GMAT measures general verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills.

GPA – Grade Point Average

IELTS –International English Language Testing System

MT – Mother Tongue – the language you speak fluently with your family

SAT – Scholastic Assessment (Aptitude) Test – pre-university entrance exam in the USA

TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language – the most common English proficiency exam for North American universities and colleges, also accepted by some British universities and employers as proof of English proficiency.

TOEIC – The TOEIC (pronounced “toe-ick”) is a Test of English for International Communication.


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