5 Typical IELTS essay PROS AND CONS topics and planning notes with acronyms

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Most IELTS or TOEFL essays are either opinion or pros and cons. These are PROS AND CONS essay ideas.

A lot of ESL students have the goal of IELTS or TOEFL, and one of the hardest parts of the writing exam is coming up with ideas to write about. So what I wanted to do here is to give a few essay topics and instead of giving you the whole essay (because that is up to you), I wanted to give you some ideas for each topic.

At the bottom of each group of ideas I have also included an ACRONYM. An ACRONYM is a short group of letters that you can remember to help you recall the ideas when you are sitting in your exam. (Some people find acronyms helpful to remember information quickly, if it doesn’t work for you, don’t worry about it)

  1. SPORT: Many people want their country to hold the Olympics. Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits. Discuss both views and state your opinion.

3 PRO ideas for the Olympics in your country:

  1. Brings tourists so brings more money
  2. Gives a good advertisement to the world about my country
  3. Building new stadiums and hotels etc, creates jobs

3 CON ideas for the Olympics in your country:

  1. Hidden problems can occur like increased crime
  2. Too expensive to create
  3. What does the country do with all the new stadiums once the Olympics are finished?

ACRONYM: taj + cef

2. LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES: In the future, we will have more and more leisure time as machines replace many of the tasks we do at home and work. Discuss the benefits this will bring and also the problem it will cause.

  • PRO ideas for increased leisure time activities:
  1. There will be a more balanced life between work and play
  2. We will become more social as we will be connecting with more people on a human level
  3. We will become fitter and healthier as we won’t be stuck behind a desk
  • CON ideas for increased leisure time activities:
  1. People may lose jobs because of the machines and so lose self esteem
  2. Less intellectual stimulation so we may become lazy
  3. A lot of people will choose unhealthy leisure time activities like watching tv

ACRONYM: bsh+ liu

3. EMPLOYMENT:  Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today. What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of reducing the working week to thirty five hours?

  • PRO ideas for reducing working week to 35 hours:
  1. Employers can save money
  2. Staff are less stressed because they have less work time
  3. Staff can use the other extra hours for healthy leisure time activities
  • CON ideasfor reducing working week to 35 hours:
  1. Wages will go down
  2. Economy will decrease as there is less money being earned therefore, less money being spent
  3. Companies will produce less

ACRONYM: sle+ wep

4. GLOBALISATION:  Differences between countries become less evident each year. Nowadays, all over the world people share the same fashions, advertising, brands, eating habits and TV channels. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

  • PRO ideas for countries sharing the same fashion etc:
  1. We all become equal
  2. We all can understand each other
  3. The world has one universal standard of quality for all
  • CON ideasfor reducing working week to 35 hours:
  1. We lose our culture and traditions
  2. We are no longer individuals
  3. Fashion and advertising will not always suit different religious and cultural ideals, therefore create problems

ACRONYM: euq+ cir

5. HOUSING: Some people like living in a house, while others prefer an apartment.Are there more advantages than disadvantages to living in a house rather than in an apartment?

  • PRO ideas for living in a house rather than an apartment:
  1. Houses have gardens
  2. Houses are better for families because there is more space
  3. Apartments can be claustrophobic(scared of being closed indoors)
  • CON ideas for living in a house rather than an apartment:
    1. Apartments are more secure than houses as there is usually security officers outside at the gate
    2. Apartments are cheaper to rent and buy than a house
    3. Houses require a lot more maintenance as they are free-standing

ACRONYM: gfc+ scm

If you find this useful, let me know and I will create some more. If it is very confusing let me know too!

All the best!

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